Water Resources

Information for better management of water resources

Our work

East Africa has many trans-boundary water resources such as the rivers Nile and Shebelle, Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika or Lake Turkana. The demand for freshwater however, increases year by year due to a fast growing population. Climate factors, especially rainfall have significant impacts on availability and quality of water resources systems of the region.

What we do
Water Monitoring and Modelling
Water Monitoring and Modelling

Monitoring, Modelling and forecasting of rivers and water bodies using remote sensing to predict water flows and levels

Capacity Building
Capacity Building

Support member states to develop and utilise water resources related products and services.

Forecasting of Water Resources
Forecasting of Water Resources

Support member states to develop and utilise water resources related products and services.

Latest Updates

Flood Alert - 10 Days Forecast 21 to 30 April 2020
Alerts and Early Warning
Flood Alert - 10 Days Forecast 21 to 30 April 2020

Flood Alert: Shebele River 

Communities along the Shebele River in Mustahil (Ethiopia) and Beletwein…

Summary for Decision Makers, June to September 2020
Report
Summary for Decision Makers, June to September 2020

June to September is an important season for Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and U…

Greater Horn of Africa Climate and Food Security Atlas
Flagship report
Greater Horn of Africa Climate and Food Security Atlas

The Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) is one of the most vulnerable regions to climate-related risks, ap…

Summary for Decision Makers, March to May 2020
Policy Brief
Summary for Decision Makers, March to May 2020

March, April, May is an important rainfall season in East Africa. The forecast indicates a high lik…

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Monitoring water resources for Early Warning

Sudan suffered widespread flooding following heavy rainfall in August 2019. According to the International Charter (on) Space and Major Disasters, more than 190,000 people were affected. The 2019 image shows flooding in the states of White Nile and Blue Nile. Both images were taken with a combination of infrared and visible light, so they are presented in false colors. Water with a large amount of suspended sediment appears light blue; dark blue indicates less sediment. Vegetation is bright green. Read more at NASA’s Earth Observatory.

Remote sensing for Sustainable Development

The Omo Delta, at the north end of Lake Turkana, a lake now located mainly in Kenya. In 1973, the delta was contained entirely within the boundaries of Ethiopia. By 2005-2006, the southernmost point of the delta had moved roughly 12 kilometers (7 miles) to the south, and had crossed the Ethiopia-Kenya border. Reduced lake levels — from less rain, more diverted upstream water, and increased evaporation due to higher temperatures — are believed to be the primary cause, with an increase in sediment from agricultural activities also contributing. The expanded delta has provided new land for 20,000 Dassanech people, the area’s traditional inhabitants. But severe flooding in 2006 killed 100 of them and destroyed houses, crops and infrastructure.

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