Climate Change

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Actions

Climate change adaptationinvolves measures taken to manage the inevitable impacts of climate change that mitigation cannot reduce. Effective adaptation actions can bring benefits both today and in the future. Adaptation aims to manage climate risk to an acceptable level, taking advantage of any positive opportunities that may arise. Potential adaptation options can be explored based on specific climate impact and / or adaptation sector of interest.

Climate change mitigationon the other hand, generally involves measures taken to reduce human (anthropogenic) emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), reduce rate of climate change in order to avoid the unmanageable impacts of climate change. Examples of mitigation include switching to low-carbon energy sources, such as renewable and nuclear energy, and expanding forests and other "sinks" to remove greater amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Energy efficiency can also play a major role, for example, through improving the insulation of buildings. Another approach to climate change mitigation is geo-engineering. The major concern is to stabilize GHG concentration in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent (unmanageable impacts) and reduce (manageable impacts) the negative impacts of climate change. It is noteworthy that some climate change impacts can be beneficial but overall, the negative impacts will outweigh the positive impacts.